OPEN SOURCE AS A STRATEGIC TOOL: PATHWAYS FOR MICROSOFT AND INTEL

Starting with the early success of Linux and Apache, open source software has emerged as a strategic weapon in the technology sector. While it’s origins certainly come out of MIT and its software engineers, the concept of open source has been adapted to all spaces – – from engineering design to knowledge bases.

 

1. Evaluate the possibility of open source continuing to play a role in the tech market. For instance, do you see an open source challenge in the space of the big four – – Apple, Amazon, Google and Facebook?

2. How have Microsoft and Intel responded to their virtual elimination from the mobile/handheld market? What is their future?

 

3. Do you see open source as a concept fundamentally restructure the knowledge economy going into the future? For instance do you see it destabilized the concept of intellectual property rights?

21 thoughts on “OPEN SOURCE AS A STRATEGIC TOOL: PATHWAYS FOR MICROSOFT AND INTEL

  1. Open source has contributed so much to the growth of many small and mid-size businesses. It has given the opportunity to many communities of developers to get rid of paying the huge licensing costs and created a wave of innovation. Now, evaluating the competition, Microsoft has gradually been adopting open source in recent years, including open-sourcing PowerShell, Visual Studio Code, and even Microsoft Edge’s original JavaScript engine. In fact, Microsoft has been shipping a full Linux kernel in a Windows 10 update. This clearly shows that the GIANT has learned from its mistake and now revolving at a high pace. Comparing it with AWS – AWS and Azure are the largest consumers of Open source software. Amazon EC2 ( Elastic compute) mainly used in IaaS (Infrastructure as a service) is built on the Xen (again as open source). This clearly shows that Amazon successfully integrated with Open source. Now let’s see what’s happening with Apple – many apple products and services are on the top of OSS like Kubernetes – Kubernetes is an open source system for automating deployments and scaling. All these players are using some form of open source services and building their products on top of it. So for me, OSS could not be a challenge but it also depends on how these big fours can utilize the services to build better products.
    Coming to Microsoft and Intel – Microsoft’s problem with ARM has been two-fold – 1. Performance of windows itself on the ARM platform was not that good 2. Windows’ world is all about x86 and all the software that’s run on it supports intel processors.
    THE FUTURE – Our nature of work and locations are changing constantly, some offices have started embracing the remote or mobile work lifestyle. So in this case, an ARM-based processor offers more benefits than regular computers. Microsoft needs to find better ways to run different platforms on an ARM processor and also influence developers. On the other hand – Intel’s x86 mobile attempts were disasters. Atom, one of the finest discoveries by intel was supposed to beat at the heart of Intel’s Mobile Intenet devices. Intel failed to put its focus now, doing innovations on Atom rather Intel chose not to shift its focus from its primary source of revenue: regular computers.
    In my opinion, Intel should focus on putting more effort into designing and innovating Atom processors.
    yes, Open source is changing the functioning of intellectual property rights. Even with OS, we need to protect our Intellectual property (IP). patenting innovations can contribute to open-source software. let’s see IBM – they donated several hundred patents supporting Linux in early 2000. Parties can use Open source but they have to be mindful of their Intellectual property rights.

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    1. Shalini you did very in presenting this information. Intel should continue work on their Atom processors. They are very well known and well specialized with processors. It would make sense for them to continue in that area of business, but I believe that Intel should also put their focus into other business ventures because companies now have to adapt and change to customer preferences. I personally do not see open-source software changing intellectual property rights because companies who make the software let them know that the software belongs to them and they cannot use it to make their own profit.

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  2. Having software that can be used by anyone at any time is beneficial to have for all of the users around the world. Open-source software is very beneficial to everyone because anyone can create and learn software. With the basic operating software such as Linux and Apache, it allows the user to establish a base in the software world once downloaded. Once the user accepts the terms of usage, they are agreeing to not alter the original software or sell it as there own without licensing and etc. Having the software be free, it allows for people to modify and enhance the code. I do not see open source being a direct source to the Big 4 software developments, but it does leave the door open for the future tech professionals. Young professionals can use the software for free to practice and gain knowledge for the future. They can understand Linox and create their own software. There future development and break through could then challenge the Big 4 software’s.
    Microsoft and Intel are both very successful computer software and chip companies. A big market for both companies was for mobile and handheld devices that are easy to access. Phones like the IPhone and Samsung Galaxy are huge players in the market. Microsoft and Intel decided to stop making and furthering development into these small handheld devices because the company had no interest in making phones in the dominated Apple and Samsung marketplace and the firms did not develop any new or different application software. Microsoft and Intel are both going into the development of A.I technology and providing experiences to the user through the devices they have already. These companies are trying to catch up with the semiconductor shortage from the pandemic as well. This has slowed down the ability to produce. Once back on track, both companies will continue to innovate for the virtual reality.
    Open-source software is not destabilizing the software game. Users are provided with the ability to create their own software which is separate from other entities. The user is not breaking any intellectual property rights, because they do not have access to the other systems. The other software companies and developments should not worry about the usage of Linux except for future competition.

    https://www.educative.io/answers/what-are-the-advantages-of-linux#:~:text=Linux%20provides%20many%20advantages%20over,secure%20than%20Windows%20operating%20systems.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Phone#:~:text=With%20the%20diminishing%20interest%20and,life%20on%20January%2014%2C%202020.
    https://www.theverge.com/2022/3/23/22992681/intel-ceo-pat-gelsinger-semiconductor-processor-strategy-idm-2-0-one-year

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    1. Hi Samuel, very interesting post especially the Microsoft/Intel part. I agree with you, it seemed that Microsoft launched a handheld product that was the ‘miniature’ of their best selling PC which not a lot of people like when it comes to a smartphone. Unlike Microsoft, Apple came up with this innovation that people have never seen before — it’s different that what Microsoft offered during that time which led Apple to be the leading Tech company in the U.S.

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  3. Open source describes an approach to how software is created and licensed. It helps companies and individuals create code, make that software available to others and manage their projects over time. With that being said,open source powers the data and digital transformation projects at companies around the world. As open source is kind of the heart of every tech business, there are so many competitions within the industry. Therefore, open source will need to find sustainable solutions in order to stay competitive due to its nature as it is not a business model. It has to find sustainable and quite successful companies to survive because as far as I know, open source is a great way for people to collaborate in an innovative way.

    Eversince Microsoft’s unsuccessful period of launching a mobile handheld, it seems that Microsoft is now focusing on developing their cloud-based service that keeps growing on each day making the most revenue possible. For example, most of the universities in the USA are now using Microsoft cloud-based service within their communities — making Microsoft’s cloud-based services more popular than others.

    As per discussion in the class, I agree that even though open source software is free for everyone to use, study, modify, and share, that does not mean it’s completely free in terms of money. The term ‘free’ refers to the freedom each user is granted to use, study, modify, and share to whichever fits their needs. With that being said, I don’t think open source software will destabilize the concept of intellectual property rights as each user is allowed to modify the software to meet their needs. Therefore, no user will violate the intellectual property rights as open source software is ‘free’ for them to use/modify/distribute for any purposes.

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    1. Hello Nagarial,
      I really like how you emphasized the importance of open source software. I also agree that open source software is very important for new software engineers and everyday people to start learning how to build software. In the argument over the intellectual property rights, I also agree with you. The user is building on the code so I do not think anything is being done in the wrong.

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    2. Hello Nagarial,
      I enjoyed reading about the approach of open source software in companies and releases. I like the introduction and explanation of the importance of new software engineers and their effect on the industry. I see your point of view on additions being made to the original code, however, I believe the original code being used still takes away from individual property rights as it is not originally that programmer’s code.

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  4. Open-source will continue to play a role in the tech market because companies are being more innovative with software and making it more reachable than it has been in the last three decades. Now there are companies such MySQL Databases, WordPress, Canonical, and MuleSoft. These companies ranked in the top ten of the largest companies with well known open-source software. However, it should be stated that these companies and their open-source software will not be a challenge for companies like Microsoft, Amazon, Apple, and Google. These companies have more reach with open-source software systems and they continue to invest more in open-source software. It would be incredibly difficult for companies such as MySQL Databases and MuleSoft to compete with Microsoft or Google because it is extremely hard to enter into their market and sustain growth and profitability. It would be best for these well known open-source software companies to be bought by these larger tech companies so their open-source software can grow and reach more people.

    Microsoft and Intel have responded to their failures in the mobile/handheld market by investing and developing in new or existing technologies. For Microsoft, they have expanded on their operating system Windows, and created their own cloud services Azure and OneDrive. These services have taken within the last decade and continue to grow and evolve. These service are used by large companies and the public. Intel on the other hand has invested more into telecommunications such as 5G network modems, and they can continue to build on their processors. However, they have grown more into AI and Datacenters. According to Intel’s website, they have focused on developing data center products such as their Intel Xeon server and field programmable gate array (FPGA) products. The future still looks good for these companies because they have gone back to has worked for them and they continue to building on existing technology and develop on new technologies.

    I do see open-source as a concept that is fundamentally restructuring the knowledge economy, and it will continue to do so going into the future. Open-source has made knowledge more accessible than eve along with the help of the Internet and I do not see signs of it slowing down. However, I do not see it destabilizing the concept of intellectual property rights. Companies who create open-source software still have rights to it, and it is made clear when companies and the public use the software they are not allowed to change or modify the software to make it their own and profit from it. It would be illegal and very foolish.

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    1. Hi Jonathan,

      You bring up a good point that it would be hard for smaller open source companies to try and compete with the big four. Microsoft, Amazon, Apple, and Google are all well established and invested in the market already. They have a large market share and will remain at the top and continue to grow. Smaller software companies may have a better chance of being bought by larger companies, but the downside is that it will only make them bigger and remove the competition. I think it is a strategic move for Microsoft and Intel to move away from smartphones and focus on the functions they do best. Consumers will know these companies are the top choice for the services they need.

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    2. I think you bring up good points Jon. Open Source seems to be more of the voice of the community where as closed source is used for selling products. Open Source is best used when a community of coders come together to make something useable for the entire only community for little or no cost. Where as Apple and Microsoft shouldn’t worry about open sources projects like this. Bigger companies would be smart to create open source products as to harbor their own tech communities. As you mentioned, they would still own the rights to the product.

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    3. Hi Jonathan, I see your point of view about the difficulties for smaller open source companies once they join the ocean of bigger companies such as Microsoft, Apple, Google, and Amazon. These companies have dominated the industry for so long that it is definitely difficult for smaller companies to join the stream. However, it would definitely be of greater interest for Microsoft and Intel to direct their focus on other functions like smartphones. This would allow them to succeed in other areas of service as the consumer can then choose their product.

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  5. The idea of open source emerged from the technology community. To evolve, technical innovations need global collaboration. Consider a team of programmers in the United States developing new open source technology for a financial application. Another team of programmers in Australia is adding new functionality to that technology that is more relevant to the healthcare industry. A third team in Asia then develops new open source products that use the original technology as a core component.
    Such collective knowledge sharing and innovation benefits the entire community. Locking technology behind patents, copyrights and expensive licenses limits progress. Over the past few decades, many high-profile open source projects have led to rapid technological advances around the world.
    I don’t think that big companies like Apple, Amazon, Google or Facebook have anything to gain by creating software with open source. The risk would be to be copied and even surpassed I think.
    Microsoft and Intel should focus on the products they are good at. And continue to improve them in order to stay ahead in their market share. Intel processors are very well known, like the Intel atom processor.
    ARM processors from Microsoft are also very well known.
    I think open source is the future, “With open source, you have the right to control your own destiny,” says Linus Torvalds, inventor of Linux. The beauty of open source lies in the fact that its code is open and can always be modified and adapted to our needs.
    Open source creates its virtuous circle. We can bet on an increase in the adoption of open source tools. A majority of companies will offer proprietary services with an open source core (open-core model). Open source software has already started to focus on ease of use and mass adoption rather than innovation. These companies recognize the value of the open source architecture components they develop and then share the maintenance and enhancement of the components with the community. A community that will continue to evolve, with new and innovative projects. No doubt attracting more and more corporate sponsorships and support for open source projects. Allowing more open source projects to flourish…
    Software is only as good as its users. Increasing use will strengthen open source as more and more companies realize that collaboration creates innovation.

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    1. Hey Regis,

      Good Summary and Responses. I think the big companies should be more worried about cross synchronization and cloud sharing information between their own patented devices. (For instance on Apple devices you can access your imessages from any device). This cross functionality is what propels Larger companies into the next generation. Whereas Open source is more of an innovation machine. It allows community users to experiment and test their own ideas to benefit all users; not necessarily for profit. It is in the benefit of the people to create open source projects so that accessibility, connectivity, and new services cane be made available for all to use.

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  6. Open Source will be the future network source. It plays an important role in some of the companies like Google, Facebook, Apple, Amazon. The leaders of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google took a brutal political lashing Wednesday as Democrats and Republicans confronted the executives for wielding their market power to crush competitors and amass data, customers and sky-high profits.
    Cicilline, the chairman of the antitrust panel, opened a congressional investigation of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google last year, aiming to explore whether the tech industry’s most influential quartet of companies had attained their status through potentially anti-competitive means. In response, the four chief executives — Amazon’s Jeff Bezos, Apple’s Tim Cook, Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg and Google’s Sundar Pichai — took the witness stand to fiercely defend their businesses Wednesday as rags-to-riches success stories, made possible only through American ingenuity and the sustained support of their ever-growing customer bases.
    Microsoft and intel products are improving very much in these days. But when comes to Microsoft developing software in mobiles it got failed. But when coming to windows Microsoft is one of the most successful one compared to intel. In future Intel doesn’t only sell to Microsoft… It sells it’s processors to HP, DELL, Lenovo etc. so if Microsoft were to make their own ARM chips and probably sell them to these companies, it would be up to the companies to buy the chip and put it into laptops. At this point the future is uncertain for Intel, but it sure looks rough. AMD has just beaten them in single core performance on their new CPUs, making intel have really no big advantage over them, Apple has ditched most of their business away from intel in favor of their own ARM Chips, and now Microsoft wants to make it’s own ARM chip. If Microsoft were to license their chips to other companies, not only would AMD be trouble for intel, but now also Microsoft.

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  7. Open source network will be the one of the future networks. It plays an important role in the present tech market. Many companies uses has open source like Amazon, Google, Microsoft and Apple. But every company has its own software how to use this open source. On one hand, Google and Facebook led the digital and display market while Amazon and Apple dominated online retailing. Despite their seeming differences, all four have similar capabilities such as search, social, retail, and advertising. Cicilline, the chairman of the antitrust panel, opened a congressional investigation of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google last year, aiming to explore whether the tech industry’s most influential quartet of companies had attained their status through potentially anti-competitive means. In response, the four chief executives — Amazon’s Jeff Bezos, Apple’s Tim Cook, Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg and Google’s Sundar Pichai — took the witness stand to fiercely defend their businesses Wednesday as rags-to-riches success stories, made possible only through American ingenuity and the sustained support of their ever-growing customer bases.
    Microsoft and intel both got failed in developing mobile phones, Then Android got successful in the present market. But Microsoft started developing different operating systems and intel also started developing their own software. In future Intel doesn’t only sell to Microsoft… It sells it’s processors to HP, DELL, Lenovo etc. so if Microsoft were to make their own ARM chips and probably sell them to these companies, it would be up to the companies to buy the chip and put it into laptops. At this point the future is uncertain for Intel, but it sure looks rough. AMD has just beaten them in single core performance on their new CPUs, making intel have really no big advantage over them, Apple has ditched most of their business away from intel in favor of their own ARM Chips, and now Microsoft wants to make it’s own ARM chip

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  8. Open source will continue to play a role in the tech market. Microsoft and Amazon have had a dramatic increase in the number of people contributing to their open source software. Open source contribution software like GitHub and OpenSearch has seen a surge in open source commits. The big tech giants are continuing to contribute more resources and developers to open source which is something the community needs to maintain its important projects. The increase in projects shows that the tech market continues to take advantage of open source and it is the future of their software for the foreseeable future.

    Microsoft has responded to its virtual elimination from the mobile market by putting more focus on the services they provide excellent service for. Microsoft Azure is a cloud-based computing software that gives users access to computer power and data storage from remote servers. Since the pandemic, cloud computing has become increasingly important to have with many people working from home. People are more reliant on data storage and privacy which has provided Microsoft with the perfect opportunity to focus on what it already does well on. Intel continues to focus on chip and processor software. More recently, Intel has grouped with Qualcomm and Meta to ask the FCC to allow AR and VR apps to coexist with radar applications. Intel’s attempt to branch into AR would be an innovative opportunity for the company since the digital world is transitioning to AI and virtual reality gaming.

    I think there is an opportunity for open source to restructure the knowledge economy because there is always the chance that someone will try to profit off something that is not already making a lot of money. However, as I recently stated, it appears open source is something programmers really enjoy being a part of because they can commit software to top tech companies. These companies see the benefit of open source and it has continued to benefit them. When people go into an open source code, they have to agree to a licensing agreement first. By agreeing, you are giving up your opportunity to monetize your intellectual property. There is no way around signing the agreement and still contributing to the open source.

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  9. The value open source provides is low cost on research and development. Open Source allows a company to grow a community of dedicated users around a project in order to propel the software into the next generation. Because the source code is available to the public; users can manipulate and reupload their versions of the software so all users can have access. Coders will do this for free. You can continuously increase the value and optimization of your software. I do think open-source software threatens the Big Tech Companies. There a lot of programs and websites that are run on open source and the number is only increasing. There is also a trend currently happening, whereas soon as a piece of open source software gets popular, the companies get acquired by larger conglomerates. Most notably Microsoft bought GitHub for a whooping $7.5 billion. If not challenging the big four, open source at the very least upsets them.
    After failing in the smart phone wars to beat iPhone, Microsoft is back to celling mobile devices in some time. Particularly showing off its newest device The Surface DUO which acts like a folding smart phone for a large screen on the go. Though this product is available, the marketing for it is very low. As Microsoft does not even advertise it on its homepage. Intel on the other hand has not tried to enter the mobile market again. Intel seems to realize that their strong suite is quality processors and Laptops.
    In a way Open Source already has disrupted the flow of information. Open Source creates a wealth of knowledge from the resources of the online community. Whereas Big Tech companies do everything they can to ensure copyrights and patents are upheld on proprietary information. Ideally more open-source programs mean the knowledge economy increases. This ultimately means lesser profits for the Larger Tech Companies as they have lesser ability to sell newer versions of software.

    https://hbr.org/2021/09/the-digital-economy-runs-on-open-source-heres-how-to-protect-it
    https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/company-overview/wonderful.html?cid=sem&source=sa360&campid=2022_ao_cbu_us_gmocoma_gmobasc_awa_text-link_brand_phrase_cd_intel-brand_O-3EFHJ-R0_google_b2b_is_non-pbm_intel&ad_group=brand_freeform_b2b1-awa&intel_term=intel&sa360id=43700071555342184&gclid=Cj0KCQjw1bqZBhDXARIsANTjCPJRc18sh5vVjRlgRURYBa2gszu031bldXiQY_5zFPKWU2HjMvNY6moaAqdmEALw_wcB&gclsrc=aw.ds
    https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/project/the-new-future-of-work/

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  10. Though Intel couldn’t compete in the mobile chip market and had to lose its superiority as a leader in the chip market. But Intel has the chance to come to the top again. Most countries around the world regard semiconductors as the key to economic growth and national security, prompting global superpowers to race to secure this vital technology. As a result, the Western world has become a biased referee for Intel to not only win the game but also be the best-performing team of the season. Intel’s competitors face an uphill battle as western countries begin to view semiconductor fabrication reshoring as a matter of national security.
    The modern world’s semiconductor fabrication leadership is held by Taiwan’s TSMC and South Korea’s Samsung. Although both countries are Western allies, their geographical locations pose risks. China maintains that Taiwan is not an independent nation but rather a part of its state, endangering the nation’s sovereignty and the security of vital technology. Furthermore, South Korea is close to both China and North Korea, making the country heavily reliant on China for economic support. South Korea’s proximity to China raises the possibility of an armed conflict in the future. As a result, if there is a conflict between China and the United States, Europe’s semiconductor supply chain will be severely harmed.
    Both Europe and the United States have stated that the re-shoring of semiconductors is the solution to this national security issue. The security of critical supplies can be ensured by bringing semiconductor manufacturers to produce within their borders. As a result, the United States and Europe have announced the CHIPS Act, which will provide financial assistance to domestic semiconductor manufacturers. The EU has announced a 45-billion-euro package to support research, supply chain, and manufacturing, while the US is in the process of passing a $52 billion Chips Act to support the same. While this bill has been reduced in size, the government’s willingness to support a few companies in the name of national security remains.
    Competitors such as TSMC and Samsung are industry leaders, with Intel attempting to catch up. Intel is the only advanced semiconductor manufacturer based in the United States or the Western World, and Intel is the only manufacturer building the most technologically advanced plant available in the United States and Europe.
    TSMC and Samsung have no plans to build a plant in Europe, leaving European nations to rely solely on Intel for national security. As a result, Western semiconductor national security now depends solely on Intel’s success. As a result, Europe and the United States will do everything possible to help Intel win the race rather than entice Samsung and TSMC to build more fabs in their respective regions.

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  11. I believe open source will fundamentally restructure the knowledge of the future economy because the tech industry has now become fully reliant on it to make the income it does. The tech industry also fully encompasses our lives from travel, to work, to recreation, etc. However, with new innovations around every corner, it is important to be aware of the effect open source plays in the tech industry. Open source is used by tech initiatives to bring forth new innovations without the creation of new code or new products. This allows the tech industry to use pre-existing code modified for different uses for the intended product to be released to the public. Open source also creates a community of modified and improved source code which provides the educational processes for new programmers. This fosters a wave of originality and insight. With this new look into the future of open source and the tech industry, we see that the introduction of information and innovation has changed from previous times are the future economy will become reliant on these new programs. However, I feel as though this does destabilize the concept of intellectual property rights as old codes are now simply being revamped for newer technologies. While this lowers the wait time for new heights in the tech industry, it makes the economy more reliant on new releases and lowers the intellectual property rights in the industry as older codes created by programmers are now being used by new programmers in the industry, taking away the originality of individualism of each code and innovation.

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    1. Hi Rashmi,

      I really enjoyed your thoughts on the subject at hand. I too think that open source helps the tech industry today and it definitely creates a community of learning and productivity, because anyone can help and change the code if there are bugs. I like how you put that there are constant new releases and revamps of older codes in the industry. Do you think that the constant release of updates will help? or will companies find the continuous updates be a pain to constantly install? Overall, I like the points you brought up, I did not consider some points like the innovation and group work aspects. I will dwell on these points and see open source as a more innovative (and disruptive tech) then I saw it before.

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  12. In the field of software development, Open source software is trending these days. Since its source code is freely available and has rights to modify as per requirements. In fact, Open source software is handled by all software developers on the worldwide basis. Also, companies are also putting up with open source software. Few of the best examples would be company like Google, Face book, Amazon, Microsoft. The developer community, enterprises, and governments have become more aware of software supply chain risks. Partners are encouraged to improve open-source security in response to restoration efforts for susceptibilities such as Log4j and Spring4shell and a 650% increase in cyber attacks targeting open-source suppliers. On top of being one of the biggest maintainers, contributors, and utilizers of open source software, with projects like the Open Source Security Foundation (OSSF), Open Source Vulnerabilities (OSV), and OSS-Fuzz, Google plays an active role in improving the security of open source software. As part of its commitment to open-source software security, Google has partnered withthe OpenSSF, Linux Foundation, and the industry. Google Cloud and Snyk has partnered to support future developers know the risk and effect of their open source reliance and utilize reliable OSS to help minimize their risk. Talking about Amazon , Amazon developers develops open-source software on daily basis and help several open-source communities on GitHub, Apache, the Linux Foundation, and more. In fact, AWS is helping big areas of open-source technologies in comparison to other cloud providers. They have collaborated with big open-source companies—from HashiCorp to MongoDB to Confluent to Red Hat—and had made them possible fulfilling customers needs and expectations. Like wise, Apple may be considered as secretive tech company in this world, however now slowly initiating to get with open source finally. Recently , Apple has been seen getting involved in open source projects quiet openly. Although the company has utilized open source software for its proprietary products, currently imitating to put some effort back, presenting projects on GitHub and on its own (like Swift). Additionally, Face book is considered to be open source software customer. In the past the big project was produced from with the amalgamation of Linux, Apache, Mysql, and PHP that is also known as LAMP platform. Also there are many open source software’s that originates from Facebook. Few of the most popular OSS of Facebook are React, GraphQL, and PyTorch etc.
    Finally let’s talk about Microsoft and Intel, Microsoft are found to be putting up really well with open source software that provides open source advantages to Microsoft customers, and the open-source communities involved in it. In matter of the fact , many Microsoft’s open-source products has been one of the most used developer tools for developers in the market. Microsoft has recently made collaboration with rival companies like Sales force and Oracle. SQL Server major target on Linux is definitely Oracle, particularly as Microsoft is asking customers to transfer from Oracle to SQL Server 2016 on Windows Server. Open-source at Microsoft is changing, moving forward to partner with the open-source community, and the cloud. Also developing Typescript, some new open-source projects at Microsoft shows getting close with this open-source approach, specifically the JavaScript tool Typescript. On the other hand, Intel comprises of one of the biggest software organizations worldwide and by using open source software, the company has made easily believe everyone, varieties of products and platforms from different organizations works really well on Intel architecture. Together with Linux, Intel is found to be working with high-profile open source initiatives, like Python, Kubernetes and Tensor Flow. Intel’s open source collaborators provide products across the whole stack, consisting all kinds of hardware and firmware to the OS and virtualization level.
    In my point of view, future for big-tech companies working with open-source software will may have many drawbacks as what we can see right now, also the advantages are equal, if not more, beneficial.

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